This collection of more than 500 citations from published journal articles, government documents, theses, abstracts, web sites, and industry reports accounts for most of the publicly available documents on clastic dikes (e.g. dykes: British, French; diques: Spanish). The list is extensive, not exhaustive. It is a work in progress. Please cite this website. See Wikipedia: Clastic Dike (I edit that page because I'm a dork).
Liquefaction due to shaking, liquefaction without seismicity, water escape/dewatering, cryogenesis, lake water oscillation (seiche effect), rapidly filled reservoir seismicity, basin-trapped wave sloshing, thixotropic behavior, bolide impact, salt dome collapse, gravity fills associated with spaces opened along normal fault ramp relays, etc.
Related Topics Partially Covered
Surge marks, tempestites, pyroclastic fluid escape structures, liquefaction theory & features, load casts, ball-and-pillow structures, convolute bedding, patterned ground, sand blows, sand volcanos, lunar dikes, molar tooth structures, seiche effect, glaciotectonics, vadose zone storage of waste at Hanford tank farms, peperites, pebble dikes (hydrothermal injections), polymict or monomict lithic breccia or microbreccia, pseudotachylites, cataclastites, mylolithenites, impact melt injections (tagamite, granophyre, etc.), thick melt sheets (apophyses), syneresis.
Research Categories Associated with Clastic Dikes
Dikes as paleoseismic indicators
Dikes and associated features as non-seismic features (alternative discussions)
Engineering properties and relationship between dikes and host materials
Dikes and sand injectites as geofluid conduits (petroleum, pollutants, etc.)
Neptunian dikes, concepts of formation (often relating to limestone formations)
Dikes as subglacial deformation features
Impact-related dikes, breccias, and microbreccias
Phreatic, hydrothermal, magmatic, and mineralized dikes and dike-like breccias
Dikes related to the salt dome collapse
Thanks to Information Providers
Washington State Division of Geology and Earth Resources Library, Olympia, WA
Google Scholar Search Engine, http://scholar.google.com
University of British Columbia Libraries, Vancouver, BC
Central Washington University Library, Ellensburg, WA
Eastern Washington University Library, Cheney, WA
Washington State University Libraries, Pullman, WA
Wenatchee Valley College Library, Wenatchee, WA
University of Washington Libraries, Seattle, WA
Whitman College Library, Walla Walla, WA
Gonzaga University Library, Spokane, WA
Washington State Archives, Cheney, WA
Cirque Geoscience Consultants
University of Idaho, Moscow, ID
Summit Library Consortium
Additions? skyecooley <at> gmail.com
Bibliography of Clastic Dike Research
Copyright Skye Cooley 2016 Version 12.2011
Acuna, J.A.; Yortsos, Y.C., 1995, Application of fractal geometry to the study of network of fractures and their pressure gradient, Water Resources Research, 31, p. 527-540
Ahlbrandt, T.S.; Harris, R.E., 1975, Clastic dikes in the Fountain Fm and Casper Fm (Permo-Pennsylvanian), southeastern Wyoming, Contributions to Geology (University of Wyoming), 14, p. 51-54
Ahlbrandt, T.S.; Harris, R.E., 1970, Origin of clastic dikes in the Fountain Fm and Casper Formations (Pennsylvanian), southeastern Wyoming, Journal of Sedimentary Research, 40
Alfaro, P.; Moretti, M.; Soria, J.M., 1997, Soft-sediment deformation structures induced by earthquakes (seismites) in Pliocene lacustrine deposits (Guadix-Baza Basin, Central Betic Cordillera), Ecologae Geologicae Helvetiae, 90, p. 531-540
Alfaro, P.; Soria, M., 1998, Soft-sediment deformation structures induced by cyclic stress of storm waves in tempestites (Miocene, Guadalquivir Basin, Spain), Terra Nova, 10, p. 145-150
Allen, C.R., 1975, Geological criteria for evaluating seismicity, GSA Bulletin, 86, p. 1041-1057
Allen, J.R.L., 1961, Sandstone-plugged pipes in the Lower Old Red Sandstone of Shophire, England, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 31, p. 325-335
Allen, J.R.L., 1986, Earthquake magnitude-frequency, epicentral distance, and soft sediment deformation in a sedimentary basin, GSA Bulletin, 86, p. 1041-1071
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Allison, I.S., 1933, New version of the Spokane Flood, GSA Bulletin, 44, p. 675-722
Allison, I.S., 1953, Clastic dikes in Quaternary lake sediments in Oregon [abstact], GSA Bulletin, 64, p. 1499-1528
Alwin, J.A.; Scott, W.F., 1970, Clastic dikes of the Touchet Beds, southeastern Washington, Northwest Science, 44, p. 58
Alwin, J.A., 1970, Clastic dikes of the Touchet Beds, southeastern Washington, MS Thesis, Washington State University, 87 pgs.
Amark, M., 1986, Clastic dikes formed beneath an active glacier, Geologiska Foereningen i Stockholm Foerhandlingar, 108, p. 13-20
Anderson, E.M., 1942, The dynamics of faulting and dyke formation, with applications to Britain, Edinburg Oliver Boyd Publishers, 191 pgs.
Anderson, J.L., 1944, Clastic dikes of the Chira and Verdun Formations, northwestern Peru, Journal of Geology, 52, p. 250-263
Andrews, B.J., 2003, Phreatomagmatic formation of polyphase clastic dikes, Moeraki Peninsula, South Island, New Zealand, GSA Abstracts with Programs, Abstract #152-9
Anonymous, 1937, Seismological notes [Walla Walla earthquake], Seismological Society of America Bulletin, 27, p. 139-143
Archer, J.B., 1984, Clastic intrusions in deep-sea fan deposits of the Rosroe Formation, Lower Ordovician, western Ireland, Journal of Sedimentary Geology, 54, p. 1197-1205
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Atwater, B. F., 1984, Periodic floods from glacial Lake Missoula in the Sanpoil Arm of Glacial Lake Columbia, northeastern Washington, Geology, 12, p. 464-467
Atwater, B. F., 1986, Pleistocene glacial-lake deposits of the Sanpoil River valley, northeastern Washington, U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin, 1661, 39 pgs.
Atwater, B.F., Musumi-Rokkaku, S., Satake, K., Tsuji, Y., Ueda, K., Yamaguchi, D.K., 2015, The orphan tsunami of 1700—Japanese clues to a parent earthquake in North America (2nd edition), University of Washington Press, USGS Professional Paper 1707, 135 pgs.
Audemard, F.A.; de Santis, F., 1991, Survey of liquefaction structures induced by recent moderate earthquakes, Bulletin of the International Association of Engineering Geology, 44, p. 5-16
Austin, S.A.; Morris, J.D., 1986, Tight fold and clastic dikes as evidence for rapid deposition and deformation of two very thick stratigraphic sequences, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Creationism, p. 3-13
Bahat, D., 1991, Tectono-fractography, Springer (Berlin), 354 pgs………
Baker, V.R.; Bjornstad, B.N.; Busacca, A.J.; Fecht, K.R.; Kiver, E.P.; Moody, U.L.; Rigby, J.G.; Stradling, D.F.; Tallman, A.M., 1991, Chapter 8: Quaternary Geology of the Columbia Plateau, in Morrison, R.B. (editor), The Geology of North America Volume K-2, Quaternary Non-glacial Geology: Conterminous U.S., Geological Society of America, p. 215-247
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Ballantyne, H.; Stewart, K.; Bartholomew, M.J., 2004, Laramide paleoseismites in the Clark’s Fork Basin, Montana and Wyoming, GSA Abstracts with Programs, 36, p. 36
Bartholomew, M.J., 2001, Paleoseismites and tectonics of the Deep River Triassic Basin, North Carolina, GSA Southern Section Abstracts with Programs, Abstract #4749
Bartholemew, M.J.; Brodie, B.M.; Willoughby, R.H.; Lewis, S.E.; Syms, F.H., 2002a, Mid-Tertiary paleoseismites: syndepositional features and section restoration used to indicate paleoseismicity, Atlantic Coastal Plain, South Carolina and Georgia, in Ettensohn, F.R.; Rast, N.; Brett, C.E. (editors), Ancient Seismites, GSA Special Paper, 359, p. 63-74
Bartholemew, M.J.; Stickney, M.C.; Wilde, E.M.; Dundas, R.G., 2002b, Late Quaternary paleoseismites: syndepositional features and section restoration used to indicate paleoseismicity and stress field orientations during faulting along the main Lima Reservoir fault, southwestern Montana, in Ettensohn, F.R.; Rast, N.; Brett, C.E. (editors), Ancient Seismites, GSA Special Paper, 359, p. 29-47
Bartholemew, M.J.; Stewart, K.G.; Wise, D.U.; Ballantyne, H.A., 2008, Field Guide: Paleoseismites: Indicators of Laramide tectonism and other events near the Bighorn Basin, Montana and Wyoming, Northwest Geology, 37, p. 135-158
Bateman, M.D., 2008, Luminescence dating of periglacial sediments and structures, Boreas, 37, p. 574-588
Beacom, L.E.; Anderson, T.B.; Holdsworth, R.E., 1999, Using basement-hosted clastic dykes as syn-rift palaeostress indicators; an example from the basal Stoer Group, northwest Scotland, Geological Magazine, 136, p. 301-310
Beavon, R.V., 1998, Archaen neptunian fissures and early history of the Destor-Porcupine fault zone, Timmins, Ontario, Canada, Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 35, p. 1402-1407
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Best, J.L., 1989, Fluidization pipes in volcaniclastic mass flows, Volcan hudson, Southern Chile, Terra Nova, 1, p. 203-208
Beutner, E.C.; Jancin, M.D.; Simon, R.W., 1977, Dewatering origin of cleavage in light of deformed calcite veins and clastic dikes in Martinsburg Slate, Delaware water gap, New Jersey, Geology, 5, p. 118-122
Bhattacharya, H.N.; Bandyopadhyay, S., 1998, Seismites in a Proterozoic tidal succession, Singhbhum, Birhar, India, Sedimentary Geology, 119, p. 239-252
Bielenstein, H.U.; Charlesworth, H.A.K., 1965, Precambrian sandstone sills near Jasper, Alberta, Canadian Petroleum Geological Bulletin, 13, p. 405-408
Birman, J.H., 1952, Pleistocene clastic dikes in weathered granite-gneiss, Rhode Island, American Journal of Science, 250, p. 721-734
Bjornstad, B.N., 1980, Sedimentology and depositional environment of the Touchet Beds, Walla Walla River basin, Washington, MS Thesis, Eastern Washington University, 83 pgs.
Bjornstad, B.N., 1980, Sedimentology and depositional environment of the Touchet Beds, Walla Walla River basin, Washington, Rockwell Hanford Report #RHO-BWI-SA-44, 83 pgs.
Bjornstad, B.N., 1982, Catastrophic flood surging represented in the Touchet Beds of the Walla Walla River Valley, Washington, American Quaternary Association Abstracts with Programs (Seattle, WA), p. 72
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Bjornstad, B.N.; Fecht, K.R., 1989, Pre-Wisconsin glacial-outburst floods: Pedogenic and paleomagnetic evidence from the Pasco Basin and adjacent Channeled Scabland, GSA Cordilleran/Rocky Mountain Section Abstracts with Programs (Spokane, WA), 21, p. 58
Bjornstad, B.N.; Fecht, K.R.; Pluhar, C.J., 2001, Long history of Pre-Wisconsin, Ice Age cataclysmic floods: Evidence from southeastern Washington State, Journal of Geology, 109, p. 695–713
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Bjornstad, B.N.; Teel, S.S., 1993, Natural analog study of engineered protective barriers at the Hanford Site, Pacific Northwest Lab Report #PNL-8840, 50 pgs.
Black, R.F., 1983, Pseudo-ice wedge casts of Connecticut, northeastern United States, Quaternary Research, 20, p. 74-89
Black, R.F., 1979, Clastic dikes of the Pasco Basin, southeastern Washington, Rockwell Hanford Operations Report, RHO-BWI-C-64, 65 pgs.
Black, R.F., 1976, Periglacial features indicative of permafrost: Ice and soil wedges, Quaternary Research, 6, p. 74-89
Boehm, A.; Moore, J.C., 2002, Fluidized sandstone intrusions as an indicator of paleostress orientation, Santa Cruz, California, Geofluids, 2, p. 147
Borchardt, G.; Mace, N., 1992, Clastic dike as evidence for a major earthquake along the northern Hayward fault in Berkeley, in Borchardt, G.; Hirschfeld, S.E.; Lienkaemper, J.J.; McClellan, P.; Williams, P.L.; Wong, I.G., (Editors), Proceedings of the Second Conference on Earthquake Hazards in the Eastern San Francisco Bay Area, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Special Publication 113, p. 143-151
Borradaile, G.J., 1984, A note on sand dike orientations, Journal of Structural Geology, 6, p. 587-588
Borradaile, G.J., 1977, Compaction estimate limits from deformed sand dykes, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 47, p. 1598-1601
Borradaile, G.J., 1977, On cleavage and strain: Results of a study in West Germany using tectonically deformed sand dykes, Journal of the Geological Society (London), 133, p. 146-164
Boulter, C.A., 1974, Tectonic deformation of soft sedimentary clastic dikes from the Precambrian rocks of Tasmania, Australia, with particular reference to their relation with cleavages, GSA Bulletin, 85, p. 1413-1420
Bourgeois, J.; Johnson, S.Y., 2001, Geologic evidence of earthquakes at the Snohomish Delta, Washington, in the past 1200 yr, GSA Bulletin, 113, p. 482-494
Breckenridge, R.M. (editor), 1989, Glacial Lake Missoula and the Channeled Scabland, Field Trip Guidebook T310 for the 28th International Geological Congress, 72 pgs.
Breckenridge, R.M.; Othberg, K.L.; Weisz, D.W.; Meyer, S.E.; Gaylord, D.R., 1999, The use of paleomagnetic analysis to discriminate post-depositional deformation; An example from Missoula flood deposits, GSA Abstracts with Programs, 31, p. 5
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Brown, B.H., 1937, The state line earthquake at Milton and Walla Walla, Northwest Science, 11, p. 62-64
Brown, B.H., 1937, The State-Line earthquake at Milton and Walla, Seismological Society of America Bulletin, p. 205-209
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Diggs, T.N., 1989, Sedimentology and structural geology of the Housetop Mountains/Castle Mountain Area, Marathon Basin, Trans-Pecos Texas, MA Thesis (#D569), University of Texas
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Dionne, J.C.; Shilts, W.W., 1974, A Pleistocene clastic dike, Upper Chaudière Valley, Québec, Canadian Journal Earth Sciences, 11, p. 1594-1605
Dionne, J.C., 1973, Structures cylindriques verticales dans le Quaternaire a Arthabaska, Quebec, Sedimentary Geology, 9, p. 53-63
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Dreimanis, A,; Rappol, M., 1997, Late Wisconsinan sub-glacial clastic intrusive sheets along the Lake Erie bluffs, at Bradtville, Ontario, Canada, Sedimentary Geology, 111, p. 225-248
Dreimanis, A., 1992, Downward injected till wedges and upward injected till dikes, Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, 4, p. 91-96
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Duncan, J.R., 1964, Structural significance of clastic dikes in a selected exposure of the Modelo Fm, Santa Monica Mountains, California, Southern California Academy of Sciences Bulletin, 63, p. 157-163
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Dylik, J., 1956, The periglacial structures at Tarzymiechy and their significance for the morphogeny and stratigraphy of the Quaternary, Biuletyn Peryglacyalny, 8, p. 107-118
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Dzulynski, S., 1965, New data on experimental production of sedimentary structures, Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 35, p. 196-212
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